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Lemon Myrtle

Wikipedia: Backhousia_citriodora 
Last Updated: May. 13, 2014 

About Lemon Myrtle

Dried leaves, simple, pointed, dark green on one side, yellowish-green on otherWhole-leaf Dried Lemon Myrtle (Backhousia citriodora), Photo © CSIRO (Australia), CC BY 3.0.
Lemon myrtle, scientific name Backhousia citriodora, is an evergreen tree native to Queensland, Australia. Lemon myrtle has an intensely lemony aroma, and for this reason, it is used both as a tea on its own and in herbal blends with other herbs and/or true teas.

The aroma of lemon myrtle is similar to other naturally lemon-scented herbs, including lemongrass, lemon balm, and lemon verbena. Although not closely related, these plants all share many chemical components in common. Among these herbs, lemon myrtle contains the highest concentration of citral, a mixture of chemicals responsible for the lemony aroma.

When consumed on its own as an herbal tea, lemon myrtle has an intense lemon fragrance, and a strongly astringent mouthfeel, but like the other lemon-scented herbs, it does not impart the acidity of lemon juice. It can be blended with other, less astringent herbs, to result in a smoother mouthfeel, or blended with full-bodied black teas so that its astringency is less evident.

Finely broken dried leaf pieces and dust, bold green in color with a slight yellowish hueDried and Crushed Lemon Myrtle (Backhousia citriodora) Leaves, Photo © CSIRO (Australia), CC BY 3.0.
Lemon myrtle has a long history of use in food and medicine of the indigenous people of Australia. It has also been used to impart a lemon aroma to sweets and baked goods without adding the acidity of lemon.

Health benefits and medicinal uses

The health effects of lemon myrtle are likely similar to those of lemongrass, as it shares the largest active component, citral, which has been studied on its own as an active ingredient. Citral has been shown to induce apoptosis (cell death) in cancer cells in as low a concentration of 44.5 μM, comparable to a cup of tea prepared from 1g of lemongrass.[1] Lemon myrtle tea is likely to have a higher concentration of citral than the infusions prepared from other herbs with lower citral concentrations.

The essential oil of lemon myrtle was also found to have significant anti-microbial effects, which were found to be stronger than that of citral alone, and were also found to be more powerful than that of Melaleuca alternifolia, the plant used to make tea tree oil.[2]

References:

1. Nativ Dudai et. al., Citral is a New Inducer of Caspase-3 in Tumor Cell Lines, Planta Med 2005; 71(5): 484-488.


2. Jenny M. Wilkinson et. al., Bioactivity of Backhousia citriodora: Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51 (1), pp 76–81.

Recent Lemon Myrtle Reviews — RSS rss icon

87 / 100
Picture of Australian Lemon Myrtle Organic

The aroma of both the tea and the dried leaf are intensely lemony, much more so than the other lemon herbs I've tried, including lemongrass, lemon balm, and lemon verbena. More like lemongrass than the others, and least like lemon balm. The lemon quality is so overpowering that it's hard to notice other aspects of th...

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Australian Lemon Myrtle Organic

Brand:Upton Tea Imports
Style:Lemon Myrtle
Region:Australia
Caffeine:Caffeine Free
Leaf:Loose
1 Rating

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